Stamp duty for cars explained
When you go to buy a new or used car, you will have to pay stamp duty. But what...
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Buying a used car can feel like dancing along a treacherous shore, temped on each side by the devil (the cliched view of unscrupulous used-car dealers) and the deep blue sea (the great unknown, and great unwashed, of the private market).
Buying privately will almost certainly save you money, right here and right now, which presents a powerful temptation, but it's important to think longer term and not to get not to get your Latin terms mixed up - carpe diem (seize the day) sounds great in Dead Poet's Society, but caveat emptor (let the buyer beware) should be your watch words.
WHAT THE LAW SAYS
But the one word you need to consider most seriously of all is "warranty", which, in the past, was very rarely available when buying privately, but guaranteed under law if you bought from a dealer. The number of car companies now offering vastly extended warranties - has changed the playing field.
Jack Haley, senior policy adviser on vehicles and environment for the NRMA, says retail buyers are protected by Australian Consumer Law, no matter how cheap the car they buy is, and regardless of whether it's new or second hand.
"The law says one year, nominally, but really it demands that products be of merchantable quality, particularly expensive products like cars, so really your car should last a number of years without a problem and if it doesn't you should be covered," he explains.
"Most car companies offer three-year warranties on new cars, as a minimum, and that essentially means that if something goes wrong with the car you don't have to pay, excluding items that are subject to wear and tear or limited life - tyres, brake pads and things that do wear out.
"Of course some second-hand dealers will tell you they're offering you a one-year warranty as a way to sweeten the deal, but all they're really doing is obeying the law."
BEST MANUFACTURER WARRANTIES
The exciting thing about the extended, unlimited kilometre warranties now on offer - including six years of coverage on Citroens, five years on Hyundais, Renaults and and a whopping seven years from Kia - is that they carry over when the car is sold on second hand. (Mitsubishi and Isuzu also offer five-year warranties, but with kilometre limits of between 100,000km and 130,000km over that period.)
Kia spokesman Kevin Hepworth says his company's offer has done a huge amount to increase the residual values of its cars.
"We offer not just a seven-year warranty but seven years of fixed-price serving and seven years of roadside assistance and, as long as the previous owner has had the car serviced by someone regis-tered and they've only used OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) parts, then absolutely the warranty period transfers to the second, or even third or fourth, owner," he says.
"So you're looking at cars that come out of a typical three-year lease period coming up for sale sec-ond-hand, and they're still offering more warranty coverage than some new cars."
LONGER WARRANTIES MEAN BETTER USED BUYING
Haley says the extended warranties have shifted the playing field in favour of second-hand buyers. "In the past you would have been hard pressed to buy a second-hand car with that kind of warranty, and when you look at the fact that the typical turnover for a new car is between two and four years, you can see you'd be doing well out of it," he says.
"These offers really demonstrate a lot of confidence from these brands in their products, because they've obviously done the cost/benefit sums and decided that it won't cost them more in warranty claims than the benefit it gives them in sales."
IS NO WARRANTY WORTH THE RISK?
Second-hand cars that do come with warranty are still going to be more expensive, of course, so what if you still want to chase a bargain, and forgo the factory coverage? One thing to keep in mind is the kilometres on the clock. International roadworthiness research shows that once a car is more than six years/100,000km old, you can expect major items to need attention.
It's also always better to buy a car that has a solid service history, because you can track what's gone wrong and how it's been dealt with. Or, as Mr Haley says, you can gamble if you like.
"It comes down to level of risk, if you find a vehicle that seems well kept you might want to take the punt that it's been serviced, just not by a dealer, or the owners hasn't kept the records," he says.
"The payoff is you might get a lower price, or higher level of specification, that's your judgment call to make, but generally we recommend buying with a service history."
WHICH BRANDS ARE BEST USED?
In terms of which brands to look for second hand, Mr Haley recommends examining the JD Power Vehicle Dependability ratings, which are released annually in America and give a stark, no nonsense report on how often cars from particular brands break down.
Lexus was the most reliable marque by far in the most recent survey, followed by Mercedes-Benz, while Honda, Toyota, Subaru and Mazda all fared better than the industry average. The worst-performing brands included Mini, Land Rover, Jeep and, perhaps surprisingly, Volkswagen.
In summary, then, you're probably best served looking for a second hand car that comes with a warranty someone else paid for. Or else jump in the deep blue sea, with your eyes wide open.