Stamp duty for cars explained
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The law, famously, is an ass, but when it comes to speed cameras, it's a differently shaped ass - although still a stinky one - depending on which State you live in.
In NSW, for example, the authorities believe speed cameras should be used to slow people down at black spots. Minister for Roads Melinda Pavey, says people don't like the "sneaky" approach of hiding cameras and they are more effective if they are located, and clearly marked, at black spots, thus forcing people to slow down.
NSW State Governments have, in the past, suggested they would only put cameras in known black spots, but then they went and put them in the Lane Cove Tunnel before it had even opened, somewhat defying their own logic.
The incredible thing about those tunnel cameras, however, is that despite being clearly signed and very easy to avoid being caught by, the Lane Cove and Cross City Tunnel devices are all among the State's top 10 revenue earners.
People in NSW, clearly, are not making the most of the advantages they're being given. An analysis of NSW government data by Guardian Australia found that the state raked in $223 million from speeding fines, with most of that coming from fixed cameras rather than Highway Patrol bookings.
The figures were broken down by post code, which showed that the Sydney CBD, Silverwater in western Sydyney, Double Bay in the east and Ultimo and Auburn in the west were the top-five suburbs for speed-camera fines.
More recent figures, released in 2017 found that the top three on that list were, once again, the highest earners, racking in $193.92m between them.
The one statistic that defines the approach to enforcement in Victoria, and which must make it a difficult and depressing place to live, is that one motorist is now being fined for speeding in the Police State every 20 seconds.
Residents of Victoria, commonly known as the Police State, are treated with a different approach, according to Road Safety Camera Commissioner John Voyage, who says he doesn't understand the NSW approach at all.
"I don't understand the psychology, because the limit is the law, and trying to drive around speed cameras is simply flouting the law," Mr Voyage says.
"If people don't know where the cameras are, they have to assume they could be anywhere, and then they have to stick to the limit at all times.
"It's best if people just stick to the legal speed, but somehow someone's always calling it revenue raising. You just can't please the populace."
Mr Voyage, as his title suggests, is a great believer in "road-safety cameras", doesn't understand why people think they're for revenue raising and says they are proven to work.
"If you look at the top revenue-raising camera sites and you follow the graph of how many infringements occur, they all have a graph the same shape - it starts off high and tails off, some more quickly than others, because people learn to slow down there," he says.
Despite that claim, Mr Voyage says the number-one earner in Victoria, issuing 12,862 fines in just three months between July and September in 2016, has been "the champion intersection" for years.
"It's at Chadstone, on Warrigal Road, near a railway line and a TAFE, it's a nice road, people come from a 70 zone to a 40 zone there, and they struggle to comply," he says, tut-tutting to himself.
So, a camera that people don't know is there, located at a point where the limit drops from 70 to 40, and it rakes in more fines and revenue than the 26-camera system at five sites along the Hume Freeway? Doesn't sound like a revenue-raising trap at all.
In 2017, Chadstone was, again, the top earning speed camera location, followed by the intersections of Fitzroy Street and Lakeside Drive in St Kilda and Flinders Street and William Street in Melbourne’s CBD. Those three cameras alone made $363.15m in a single year, somewhat dwarfing NSW’s efforts.
Other notable big earners in Victoria include the six cameras on the Western Ring Road, those on the Eastlink at the Wellington Road Bridge and the Princess Highway at Forsyth Road Bridge.
Adelaide's South Eastern Freeway is the top revenue earner in the whole state, having reaped more than twice as much money than the State Government expected/hoped for, in their first three years of operation.
After being turned on in 2013, the two cameras took in $18 million in fines, and so far pleas to improve speed-limit signage to help people avoid the cameras have fallen on deaf ears.
The main thrust of the South Australian approach, however, is to use mobile-speed cameras, so people never know when they might get booked.
Revenue from those cameras has risen almost 50 per cent - up to $26.2m - in the past four years, with almost 1300 locations in use in 2014-15.
Almost all of the State's most lucrative locations for mobile cameras (18 of the top 20) in 2015 were in residential areas, with speed limits of 50km/h or less.
The most recent figures, from 2017, suggest a shift in profit, however, with $174m raked in from two on the South Eastern Freeway, one at Leawood Gardens and another at Crafers, and a camera on Montague Road at Ingle Farm coming in third.
In terms of fixed cameras, Queenslanders seem to be almost as fond as speeding past them in tunnels as lead foots in New South Wales.
The State's top-earning fixed camera was in Brisbane's Legacy Way Tunnel in 2015, catching almost 100 people a day in its first year.
Those top three cameras were still topping the pops in 2017, and in the same order, raking in $226m between them.
The Queensland authorities also love their mobile cameras and have 3700 approved sites around the State in which they can use them.
The worst road to drive down in the State is Old Cleveland Road, Brisbane, which has 19 approved camera sites along one 22km stretch.
The State's notorious Bruce Highway has no less than 430 approved mobile speed camera sites, or one every four kilometres.
Despite the fact there aren't many of them, Tasmanians copped more than 5600 fines from fixed speed cameras in the State in 2015.
A list of the top-earning cameras in the State in 2015, published by The Advocate and sourced from Tasmanian Police, only lists nine, but helpfully points out that a 10th camera was to be installed soon, on the Midland Highway, north of Campbelltown.
In 2017, the top three cameras in Tasmania raised just over $1m, and while the Brooker Highway and Tasman Bridge, western side, kept the top two spots, a camera on the Bass Highway in East Devonport managed to climb up to third place.
The roads in WA are covered by both fixed and mobile speed cameras, but ask any local and they'll you it's the mobiles ones, which look like little robotic tripods, that are proliferating.
Officially, the Western Australia Police are happy for drivers to be aware of "most" speed camera locations, "to encourage them to slow down and try to prevent a serious or fatal collisions". They are all, allegedly, in "high-risk" locations "to prevent speed and red-light offences."
Mobile-camera location are also published online every week (between 40 and 50 of them a day), in newspapers, and are broadcast on radio stations. So as long as you spend half an hour planning your route every day before you leave home, you'll be fine.
The State Government announced in July last year that it would be installing another 25 fixed speed cameras at "yet-to-be determined locations," in Perth, adding to the five currently on the Mitchell and Kwinana freeways. And that point-to-point cameras - which measure your speed over a certain distance and then post you a fine if your average is too high - would also reportedly be operating in the city within the year.
The simple fact is, it's hard to know what the top 10 locations for revenue raising cameras are in WA, because they are always on the move (and often hidden behind bushes or trees), but here is a list of the fixed-site cameras in Perth. So far.
In 2017, those top three were the highest earners, making $97m between them.