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Used car review Volvo 850 1992-1997

Graham 'Smithy' Smith reviews the Volvo 850 1992-1997, its fine points, its flaws and what to watch for when you're buying it.

Regarded as the safe option Volvo shocked the car world when it launched the front-wheel drive 850 in 1992; it was the first front-wheel drive the company ever made. In developing the 850 Volvo threw out the rulebook by which it had developed its rear-wheel drive cars for most, if all of its long and illustrious history.

Volvo had always been a company that had gone about the business of making cars its own way, by creating and building safe, solid cars that were well built and reliable. The company’s strong focus on safety and the environment before it became trendy, while honorable, probably hurt Volvo more than it helped. In a case of reverse snobbery Volvo was looked down upon by the masses because it was the car of choice for the intellectual elite.

By the mid-1980s sales were in a slump and the company was in financial strife, reporting the first loss in its history in 1990. The safety message that had made Volvo stand out from the crowd was no longer getting through when the rest of the car industry had caught up. Volvo had to reinvent itself and the 850 was one of the first to emerge in the new age of the Swedish company.

MODEL WATCH

The 850 was an all-new Volvo mid-sized car launched in 1992. It was produced in sedan and wagon body styles. It came as something of a shock to the Volvo faithful to find that the company had abandoned its history of building rear-wheel drive cars and for the first time designed one that drove the front wheels.

Visually the 850 followed the styling theme Volvo had been using for some years, although the bold lines and boxy shapes had been softened slightly in line with the trend of the times. But compared to the jelly mould shapes that were coming from other carmakers, the Japanese in particular, the 850 was distinctive. It was unmistakably a Volvo.

The four-door 850 would accommodate four adults in comfort, and true to its roots it had plenty of headroom and legroom. There was also plenty of elbowroom provided you weren’t trying to squeeze three across the back seat.

Like its predecessors it had a low belt line that resulted in a large glass area, which gave the interior an airy feeling. Inside, it had plenty of fruit for the time. Air-conditioning was standard, the steering column could be adjusted, and there was a six-speaker sound system along with central locking. Leather trim became standard in 1994, while some models also got power windows and mirrors.

On top of that it had ABS anti-skid brakes as standard as well as power steering, and from 1993 it had a driver’s airbag.

The sedan’s boot was large and its low lip made loading easy. The wagon also had plenty of room for carrying things when the rear seats were folded.

If the switch to front-wheel drive caused some consternation among the Volvo faithful so too did the five-cylinder engine that was mounted across the engine bay east-west style. Volvo sliced one cylinder off an existing engine to create the 2.5-litre five-cylinder unit it used to power the 850.

There were two versions of the engine early on; the base engine had two valves per cylinder and produced 103 kW and 206 Nm, and there was a version with four valves per cylinder that produced 125 kW and 220 Nm. Later on there was a turbo variant that generated 166 kW and 300 Nm, and an even more powerful turbo engine that boasted 177 kW and 300 Nm. Transmission choices were a five-speed manual or a four-speed auto.

There was also plenty happening underneath the 850, particularly in the rear where the company’s engineers had employed a new ‘delta-link’ suspension, which went a long way to giving the 850 its sporty road feel.

On the road the 850 felt assured and stable with good road holding and a firm ride that belied its family four-door image. It went against the thinking of the time that front-wheel drive cars didn’t handle; those who took the time to drive it found it a pleasure on the open road with responsive and neutral handling and quite spirited performance.

ON THE LOT

The 850 GLE sedan can be bought for $5000-$10,000, the wagon for $1000 more. Step up to the better equipped 850 GLT and you’ll pay $7000-$13,000 for the sedan and $2000 more for the wagon. For the turbo performance the 850 T-5 sedan can be had for $9000-$15,000, the wagon for $500 more. The ultimate 850 is the T-5R sedan of 1994-1995 and that can be had for $11,000-$15,000.

IN THE SHOP

Generally the 850 is a sound car and little of real note seems to afflict them in service. Reports of problems are of a generally minor nature and nothing to be too concerned about. The automatic transmission can sometimes be difficult to shift out of park; this is caused by poor contact of the microswitch on the lockout.

Failure of the cruise control to engage is probably caused by damage to the plastic vacuum line in the vicinity of the left headlamp.

There have been reports of problems with the cam timing belt tensioner that results in a noise from the front of the engine. Oil leaks are sometimes observed from the oil pump mounting screws. Starting and drivability issues can be traced to a corroded connection where the negative battery cable connects to the engine.

IN A CRASH

Volvo has always prided itself on being a pioneer on safety so the 850 is full of features to protect us in a crash. Safety really starts with the body structure and Volvo was a leader in that field with the crash performance of its cars right up there with the best. Airbags were adopted quite early in the model cycle so look for cars sold from 1994 on. The 850 was also very capable on the road so its level of primary safety, with good road holding and features like ABS standard, is a match for its secondary safety package.

OWNERS SAY

Les Hotchin has had a great run out of his 1994 Volvo 850 T5 sedan since buying it second-hand in1999. It was a one owner and had traveled 84,000 km when he bought it, but it has now done 312,000 km. In that time the rear main seal was replaced at 220,000 km, a turbo was replaced at 289,000 km, and the starter motor was overhauled at 311,000 km. The radiator has been replaced, it has had 1.5 sets of brake rotors, plus pads as required, and two sets of shock absorbers. The oil has been changed every 5000 km and the specified service has been done every 10,000 km. It uses about 1.5 litres of oil between changes. The car is tight, comfortable, and rattle free. The leather front seats are showing their age, but are still quite supportive. It gets regular medium to long runs with at least one interstate trip per year, and on these drives will return about 8.5 L/100 km.


LOOK FOR
• timeless elegant styling
• modest performance from non-turbo models
• solid build quality
• robust engines and gearboxes
• roomy interior and boot
• good roadholding
• good fuel economy
RIVALS
• Audi A6 – 1994-1997 – $14,000-$20,000
• BMW 5 Series – 1990-1996 – $9000-$19,000
• Saab 900 – 1994-1998 – $6000-$11,000
THE BOTTOM LINE
Well-built, reliable, safe and sound car that would suit a young driver or family.
RATING
80/100

Comments on this story

Displaying 3 of 5 comments

  • Iv owned 4 volvos 242 740 & 740turbo. now I have an 850 and loved them all. never had to spend any money on any.just the reg things that need doing sometimes ,oil,brakes ect. my 242 I gave to my brother in law at 300,000. he drove to Newcastel near every week 4 i spose 5 years and never missed a beet, the car ended up slipping down a boat ramp and sank lol we pulled it out changed oil and battery dried out disy and she started up no prob.saddle it ended up rusting out but still ran strong. i love my 850 and looking for an 850r so i can give the 850 cd to my son for his Ps I will always own and love volvos. well they say.volvo for life lol so true what a car

    Ian stein of wolongong Posted on 01 September 2013 11:03pm
  • I've been in Volvos for 17 years - 240's, 940's and now have 850 t5 Auto sedan and 94 850 t5 Manual Wagon. They are great, reliable, comfortable cars with bullet proof engines and gearboxes. The cars are 17 years old and still the paint is like new and not a spot of rust anywhere. Mechanics are expensive so I have taught myself to read the computer codes ( a lot easier than Volvo dealers will have you believe). There are plenty of forums to show you how to fix everything from the codes, buy most of your parts from Grotons in the the US or similar, and you will save thousands keeping these old girls in tip top shape as they are definitely built to last, have character and generally speaking will not let you down. Petrol consumption is very reasonable ( 10.5 L per hundred around town and 8.5 on the open road). The turbos are quick and fun to drive, you just have to keep fixing those annoying little things.

    Stephen Cole of Newcastle NSW Posted on 23 May 2011 12:05am
  • I bought a 1996 850 wagon new and had it until 2009. During that time it had regular services and 350000kms on the clock. The only money spent was on a timing belt and seals and one rear shock. A perfect car for my family and I... I am now looking to buy another 850 with less k's. I love Volvo. They have proven to be a reliable safe family car.

    rita murdocca of newcastle Posted on 09 August 2010 12:58pm
  • Thanks for a good review. We recently purchased our third 850SE, having had "twin" 1997 models, purchased in 2001 and 2002. We recently decided it was time to replace the "family" car - looked at all the new cars available (including Volvos) and decided on another 850SE. Found a 1995 with only 42 ks and perfect service history. The two 1997s have provided superb service although, as Alasdair said, servicing costs are high, but generally closer to half the cost quoted, with the exception of the timing belt service which was up to $2,000. The only real problems were relatively minor and common to most 850s - auto transmission oil, indicator stalk, CV boots, door straps, and timing belt and air con pulleys/tensioners. The "new" 850, although being an SE, was disappointing in its equipment level-10 valve engine and no cruise control, CD, leather steering wheel, colour keyed mirrors, cover or light on the passenger vanity mirror or cloth trim on the door kick panels. A used cruise unit and the steering wheel and stereo from the family unit fixed most issues. The 850s look great, with excellent interior, ride and handling. If only they were T5s, then they would be perfect...

    Geoff Collett of Canberra Posted on 16 June 2010 9:12am
  • Nice wrap up but failed to mention the slightly dodgy electrics (once replaced, their fine) and $1000+ service bills even when there are no problems reported by the garage - words such as 'you brought a really good one' and 'it's a really nice car' come to mind. Was reliable after the ignition coil was replaced (failure to spark mean car thought it wasn't on, causing it to suddenly die in traffic multiple times - very dangerous and scary, not cool) but aluminum engine needs a lot of oil and coolant between services. Far too expensive to service, either from a specialist or from garage like Ultratune. Car didn't provide enough driving enjoyment to justify keeping. Was otherwise a lovely, comfortable and unpretentious thing to loaf around in though.

    Alasdair Underwood of St Kilda East Posted on 11 September 2009 1:08am
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